12 December 2020 marks the fifth anniversary of the adoption of the Paris Agreement under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC). Five years after Paris, the climate crisis has worsened, impacting the poorest and most vulnerable countries the worst, and inflicting already severe loss and damage. Signatory states are preparing to submit updated and more ambitious greenhouse gas reduction pledges, the nationally determined contributions (NDCs) for Glasgow in 2021 – with the United States under a Biden Administration expected to join in the effort. How can we increase targets to remain below 2 degrees Celsius global warming and finds ways to achieve them in a socially and gender-just manner? What financing contributions are needed to support developing countries? What false solutions must be avoided? And how can we push the urgently needed radical course change in pursuit of climate justice? We explore those questions in various contributions.